Basic Western Confederate Guidelines
These guidelines can be used when you buy equipment or upgrade your impression.
A. HEADGEAR:
  • Civilian slouch hat - Black or gray preferred. Edge of brim as well as hat band should be bound with silk ribbon. These hats were generally lined. [EOG/CS -pages 166-169].
  • CS "issue" hat - Wool felt, hand-stitched leather sweatband, label in crown, double- stitched on brim.
  • Kepi or cap - Jean-wool, tarred canvas or leather bill, leather sweatband. [EOG/CS - pages 162 & 163].
B. SHIRTS:
  • Civilian shirts - Shirt fabrics should be woven of 100% natural fibers and of a design and made using 19th century construction techniques. Woven fabric should be used, as opposed to fabric with the print on one side only.
C. JACKETS:
Jackets should be of correct material and of documented construction and pattern. Most jackets of this time frame were made from jean cloth.
Examples include:
  • Any Army of Tennessee (A.O.T.) identified jacket.
  • Orphan Brigade/Columbus Depot/Georgia Jacket. [EOG/CS - page 143].
  • Atlanta Depot. [EOG/CS - page 143].
  • Milledgeville/Augusta Depot (Limited use). [EOG/CS – page 142].
  • Mobile Depot (limited use). [EOG/CS - page 141].
  • North Carolina Depot (limited use). [EOG/CS - page 144].
  • Military Frock Coat.
  • Civilian Sack Coat.
D. PANTS:
  • Civilian jean - Original patterns in gray, blue, brown or black. Hand topstitching, with hand-sewn button holes [EOG/CS - pages 125, 145, 146, 149, 152 & 153].
  • Civilian wool - Identified style and pattern, hand-sewn button holes. [EOG/CS - page 152].
  • Military Issue - Identified style and pattern, hand-sewn button holes.
E. SUSPENDERS/BRACES:
  • Civilian - Any type of period civilian model with tin or brass buckles. No buckles of nickel-plated metal. Any stitching should be hand sewn.
  • Canvas or Ticking - hand-stitched with hand-sewn buttonholes.
F. DRAWERS:
  • Civilian pattern - Bone or wood buttons with period construction. [EOG/CS - page 154].
  • Military pattern - Bone or wood buttons with period construction. [EOG/US - page 27].
G. SOCKS:
  • Civilian socks, particularly hand-knitted cotton or wool [EOG/CS - page 175].
H. SHOES:
  • Confederate Issue Shoes - Confederate issue. [EOG/CS - pages 174-175].
  • English shoes or boots - Military or civilian styles. [EOG/CS – page 174].
  • Federal Issue Shoes - Limited Confederate use. [EOG/US – page 191].
I. VESTS: (Optional, but very common)
  • Period civilian or military styles. Jean, linsey-woolsey, or cotton, made of period pattern, style and construction. [EOG/CS - pages 101, 106, 113 & 114].
II. BLANKETS, TENTAGE & ETC
A. BLANKETS:
  • Civilian - Blankets of 100% wool or jean, should be muted earth-tones. No synthetic blends.
  • North Carolina Issue [EOG/CS - page 203] or other Confederate State issues.
  • Any Identified Blanket - Quilts are discouraged.
  • Captured U.S. Issue - U.S. Issue blankets of either brown or gray. [EOG/US - page 214].
C. GUM BLANKETS/GROUND CLOTHS:
  • Linseed soaked canvas.
  • Confederate Issue Oil Cloth - Canvas painted with oil or enamel paint.
  • Captured Federal Issue - Rubber blanker or poncho. Limited use. [EOG/US - page 215].
III. ACCOUTREMENTS
A. HAVERSACKS:
  • C.S. Issue - Bag of identified C.S. pattern. Button or buckle closure. Most were simple cotton bags. (Moses Alexander or Bayley Style)
  • U.S. Issue - Bag of identified U.S. pattern. Tarred type with buckle and inner bag. Limited use. [EOG/US - pages 199, 210 & 211].
B. CANTEENS:
  • Wooden style - Gardner Pattern, Knuckold Pattern made of cedar/cypress/cherry wood/etc. Various styles. [EOG/CS - page 209].
  • Tin Drum style - Various sizes and styles, try to find a common identified type. Simple leather strap, or cotton strap. No jack chains on the corks.
  • Captured Federal - although some of these almost certainly were used, they weren't used in the quantities that mainstream reenactors use them, so try to use these as a last resort, and only until you can get a Confederate canteen as a replacement. If you are using a Federal canteen, a lot of pictorial evidence shows canteens stripped of their coverings. Perhaps for patch material?
C. CARTRIDGE BOXES:
  • Any Army of Tennessee (A.O.T.) identified box.
  • Atlanta Arsenal.
  • Augusta - (G. N. Wymans). [EOG/CS - page 197].
  • Columbus Arsenal - (Wm. Brands or N. Crown) - Tarred canvas. [EOG/CS - page 198].
  • Captured Federal Issue - Captured at Pickett's Mill on May 27, 1864 (limited use).
D. CAP POUCHES:
  • Any Army of Tennessee (A.O.T.) identified pouch.
  • Augusta - (G. N. Wymans).
  • Atlanta Arsenal.
  • Columbus Arsenal - (Wm. Brands or N. Crown) - tarred canvas. [EOG/CS - page 198].
  • Captured Federal Issue - Captured at Pickett's Mill on May 27, 1864 (limited use).
E. BELT PLATES/FRAMES & WAISTEBELTS (Leather, preferably black):
  • Any Army of Tennessee (A.O.T.) identified plate or buckle.
  • Atlanta Arsenal "C.S.A." Plate. [EOG/CS - page 195].
  • C.S. "Clipped Corner" Plate. [EOG/CS - page 198].
  • Georgia Frame Buckle. [EOG/CS - page 190 & 195].
  • "Forked-Tongue" Buckle. [EOG/CS - page 196].
  • Roller Buckle. [EOG/CS - pages 192 & 195].
F. BAYONET SCABBARDS: (bayonet should fit its matched weapon).
  • Any identified A.O.T. frog and scabbard.
  • Tarred Canvas scabbard (one on display at Tunnel Hill Museum – Tunnel Hill, Ga.).
  • U.S. non-regulation 7 or 8 rivet pattern. (Limited use). [EOG/US - page 202].
G. KNAPSACKS(Optional):
  • Mexican War Pattern. [EOG/CS - page 205].
  • Imported English - Issac Campbell & Co. [EOG/CS – page 207].
  • Confederate Issue - Any identified pattern.
  • Federal Issue Double Bag (limited Confederate use.)